رفتن به بالا

پایگاه خبری تحلیلی صنعت و تاسیسات


  • پنجشنبه ۲ آذر ۱۳۹۶
  • الخميس ۴ ربيع أول ۱۴۳۹
  • 2017 Thursday 23 November

استاندارد

استاندارد (Standard) در لغت به معنی نظم و قاعده, قانون و مفاهیمی از این قبیل است. اما معنی آن در ارتباط با موسسه استاندارد و تحقیقات صنعتی ایران كه مسئولیت قانونی تهیه و تدوین استانداردهای ملی را بر عهده دارد, عبارتست از تعیین و تدوین ویژگی های لازم در تولید یك فراورده یا انجام یك خدمت.

استاندارد (Standard) در لغت به معنی نظم و قاعده, قانون و مفاهیمی از این قبیل است. اما معنی آن در ارتباط با موسسه استاندارد و تحقیقات صنعتی ایران كه مسئولیت قانونی تهیه و تدوین استانداردهای ملی را بر عهده دارد, عبارتست از تعیین و تدوین ویژگی های لازم در تولید یك فراورده یا انجام یك خدمت.

استانداردها تنها مربوط به کالا نمی‌شوند، بلکه بسیاری از خدمات را نیز شامل می‌شوند. باید قبول کرد هر کالا و یا هر نوع خدماتی باید در یک چارچوب مشخص ارایه شود و این چارچوب‌ها را می‌توان با استاندارد تعریف کرد. در دنیای امروزی تقریباً تمامی کشورها برای خود یک استاندارد ملی دارند.

به ‌عبارت دیگر در بیشتر کشورها سازمانی وجود دارد که بر کیفیت کالاها نظارت می‌کند که به نام سازمان استاندارد معروف است.

در برخی موارد بسیاری پا را فراتر گذاشته و موسساتی را ایجاد کرده‌اند که کارشان استاندارد است. با این اوصاف تعداد استانداردهای صادر شده مرتب بالاتر و بالاتر رفت، به‌گونه‌ای که درحال حاضر بسیاری از حرفه‌های مختلف در دنیا استاندارهای مخصوص خود را دارند.

در ادامه نمونه ای از استاندارد های بین المللی را معرفی می کنیم که در صنعت ایران نیز مورد استفاده قرار می گیرند.

 

استاندارد ANSI

(ANSI) موسسه استاندارد های ملی امریکا

American National Standards Institute

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide. For example, standards ensure that people who own cameras can find the film they need for that camera anywhere around the globe

استاندارد ISO

استانداردهای سازمان بین المللی استاندارد (ISO)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

The International known as ISO, is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial and commercial standards. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.It was one of the first organizations granted general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

 

استاندارد ASTM

استاندارد انجمن تست مواد (ASTM)

ASTM International

Individuals, companies and agencies around the world use ASTM publications, and these documents are incorporated into contracts by purchasers and sellers. Engineers, architects and designers incorporate them in their plans. Government agencies incorporate them by reference into codes, regulations and laws. Many other organizations and industries refer to ASTM publications for guidance.

The ASTM Digital Library benefits researchers by quickly retrieving the essential information buried within thousands of pages and features a robust search engine that allows you to locate data by a variety of means, including full text, title or author. Using this online tool you are capable of segmenting the data you need whether it is the complete library, topical documents or manuals and monographs.

 

استاندارد ASME

استاندارد انجمن امریکایی مهندسین مکانیک (ASME)

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASME, founded as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, is a professional association that, in its own words, “promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe” via “continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach.”ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization. Founded as an engineering society focused on mechanical engineering in North America, ASME is today multidisciplinary and global.

 

استاندارد DIN

استاندارد های ملی آلمان (DIN)

Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN)

Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is that country’s ISO member body. DIN is a Registered German Association (e.V.) headquartered in Berlin. There are currently around thirty thousand DIN Standards, covering nearly every field of technology.

 

استاندارد API

استاندارد های موسسه ی نفت امریکا

American Petroleum Institute (API)

The American Petroleum Institute, commonly referred to as API, is the largest U.S trade association for the oil and natural gas industry. It claims to represent about 400 corporations involved in production, refinement, distribution, and many other aspects of the petroleum industry. API distributes more than 200,000 copies of its publications each year. The publications, technical standards, and electronic and online products are designed, according to API itself, to help users improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of their operations, comply with legislative and regulatory requirements, and safeguard health, ensure safety, and protect the environment. Each publication is overseen by a committee of industry professionals, mostly member company engineers.

 

استاندارد های ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)

ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), founded in 1894, is a building technology society with more than 50,000 members worldwide. The Society and its members focus on building systems, energy efficiency, indoor air quality, refrigeration and sustainability within the industry. The ASHRAE Handbook is a four-volume resource for HVAC&R technology and is available in both print and electronic versions. The volumes are Fundamentals, HVAC Applications, HVAC Systems and Equipment, and Refrigeration. One of the four volumes is updated each year.

 

استاندارد BSI

استاندارد موسسه استانداردهای بریتانیا BSI

British Standards Institution

BSI Group, also known in its home market as the British Standards Institution (or BSI), is a multinational business services provider whose principal activity is the production of standards and the supply of standards-related services.

 

استاندارد ASTM

استاندارد انجمن تست مواد (ASTM)

ASTM International

Individuals, companies and agencies around the world use ASTM publications, and these documents are incorporated into contracts by purchasers and sellers. Engineers, architects and designers incorporate them in their plans. Government agencies incorporate them by reference into codes, regulations and laws. Many other organizations and industries refer to ASTM publications for guidance.

The ASTM Digital Library benefits researchers by quickly retrieving the essential information buried within thousands of pages and features a robust search engine that allows you to locate data by a variety of means, including full text, title or author. Using this online tool you are capable of segmenting the data you need whether it is the complete library, topical documents or manuals and monographs.

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